France

Maria Theresa of Spain – The Sun King’s Queen

This article was written by Holly Sennett. Early years Maria Theresa, Spanish Infanta, was born on the 10th September 1638 in Spain, the daughter of the Spanish King Philip IV and his consort Elisabeth of France. From 1646 until 1657, Maria Theresa was heir presumptive to the Spanish throne. Due to the absence of Salic Law in [read more]

Austria

The Death of Empress Maria Theresa

The next edition of our series “The Year of Maria Theresa: Death of an Empress” focuses, on the end of Empress Maria Theresa’s, the only female ruler of the Habsburg dominions, 63-year life. On 13 May 1717, Maria Theresa Walburga Amalia Christina, the future Holy Roman Empress, was born to Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI and Elisabeth Christine of [read more]

Austria

The second Maria Carolina of Austria

In continuation of our “Year of Maria Theresa” series, we take a look at the birth of (the second) Maria Carolina. Born on 17 September 1748, Archduchess Maria Carolina of Austria was born to Maria Theresa, Holy Roman Empress and Francis of Lorraine. She was the second child of the couple to be named Maria Carolina. She had [read more]

Maria Theresia of Austria

The death of Francis Stephen of Lorraine

On 18 August 1765, Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor died. The fifty-six-year-old Emperor who was in good health at the time and he had been in Innsbruck with his court celebrating the marriage of his son Leopold. One evening during his stay, Francis was returning from the opera when he died suddenly in his carriage, turning [read more]