lombardy venetia

Lost Kingdoms – Kingdom of Lombardy–Venetia

The Kingdom of Lombardy–Venetia is one of the more short-lived Kingdoms in history. It was created in 1815 in recognition of Austria’s rights to Lombardy and the former Republic of Venice after the collapse of the Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy. The first King of the newly created Kingdom was Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor (later [read more]

Charlotte Napoléone Bonaparte

The Bonaparte Women – Zénaïde Bonaparte

Zénaïde Laetitia Julie Bonaparte was born on 8 July 1801 as the daughter of Joseph Bonaparte, the elder brother of Napoleon Bonaparte, and Julie Clary. She had a younger sister named Charlotte. Her father became King of Naples and Sicily in 1806, and later also King of Spain and the Indies in 1808 but Zénaïde and her sister Charlotte [read more]

Adelaide of Austria

Lost Kingdoms – Kingdom of Italy

The creation of the Kingdom of Italy in 1861 was the result of Italian nationalists and those loyal to the House of Savoy who wished to establish a united kingdom encompassing the entire Italian Peninsula. The Kingdom of Italy was preceded by the Kingdom of Sardinia, the Kingdom of Lombardy-Venetia, the papal states and the [read more]