Elizabeth I

The demotion of the future Queen Mary I

The year of 1533 saw considerable changes in the future Mary I’s status. Her father Henry and Anne Boleyn had married in early 1533, and they had their first child, the future Elizabeth I in September 1533. The First Succession Act made Princess Elizabeth and future children by Anne Boleyn to true successors to the [read more]


Philip II by Geoffrey Parker Book Review

Mary herself believed she was destined for unhappiness. She was quoted as saying she was ‘the most unhappy lady in Christendom’. Plans to marry her had begun as early as 1518. Firstly to the French dauphin, Francis III of Brittany and later to her first cousin Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, who was sixteen years [read more]

catherine aragon
Anne Boleyn

The death of Catherine of Aragon

Catherine of Aragon was born on 16 December 1485 as the daughter of Isabel of Castile and Ferdinand II of Aragon. She was their youngest and last child. She was considered as a bride for Arthur, Prince of Wales from an early age and the two were wed on 14 November 1501. They were at [read more]