Augusta Wilhelmine of Hesse-Darmstadt

Lost Kingdoms – Kingdom of Bavaria

The Kingdom of Bavaria was founded in 1805 when the Peace of Pressburg allowed the then Elector Maximilian to raise Bavaria to the status of a Kingdom. The preceding Electorate of Bavaria was an independent hereditary electorate of the Holy Roman Empire from 1623. Maximilian proclaimed himself King on 1 January 1806, and he also [read more]


Lost Kingdoms – Kingdom of Albania

The Kingdom of Albania has existed several times. An early principality of Albania developed into the Kingdom of Albania from 1272 to 1368, which was under the rule of the King of Naples and later under the Duke of Durazzo. It then became a Principality again until 1392 under the Thopia dynasty. From 1392 it [read more]

Alice of Antioch

Lost Kingdoms – The Kingdom of Jerusalem

The Kingdom of Jerusalem came into existence due to crusaders. Pope Urban II called for the First Crusade in 1095 to assist the Byzantine Empire against the invasions of the Seljuk Turks. The ultimate goal was to control the Holy Land. After successfully laying siege to Jerusalem in 1099, Godfrey of Bouillon, who had been [read more]