France

Maria Theresa of Spain – The Sun King’s Queen

This article was written by Holly Sennett. Early years Maria Theresa, Spanish Infanta, was born on the 10th September 1638 in Spain, the daughter of the Spanish King Philip IV and his consort Elisabeth of France. From 1646 until 1657, Maria Theresa was heir presumptive to the Spanish throne. Due to the absence of Salic Law in [read more]

Elisabeth of France (1764 - 1794)

One step closer to sainthood for Marie-Antoinette’s sister-in-law

Élisabeth of France had just celebrated her 30th birthday when she was removed from the Temple, where she had been imprisoned with her sister-in-law, Marie-Antoinette, Marie-Antoinette’s daughter Marie-Thérèse and son, now King Louis Louis XVII. Only Marie-Thérèse would emerge from the Temple alive. Élisabeth was executed on 10 May 1794 along with 23 others. She reportedly conversed [read more]

Maria Carolina of Austria

Marie Antoinette of Austria – Madame Déficit

Her Majesty has given birth to a small yet perfectly healthy Archduchess. – Count Khevenhüller The Archduchess On the morning of 2 November 1755, Maria Theresa gave birth to her 15th child, a daughter named Maria Antonia Josepha Johanna, they would call her Antoine. Like her siblings before her, her early youth was spent with [read more]