adolphe adelheid marie
The Royal Women

Queen Wilhelmina – The loss of Luxembourg

The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg had been a province of the Kingdom of the Netherlands since its foundation in 1815 before becoming independent but remaining in personal union with the Kingdom following the Treaty of London of 1839. It consisted of the territory of the duchy of Luxembourg, which had been a state of the [read more]

adelheid marie anhalt dessau
Adelheid-Marie of Anhalt-Dessau

Adelheid Marie of Anhalt-Dessau – The first Grand Duchess of an independent Luxembourg

Princess Adelheid Marie of Anhalt-Dessau was born on 25 December 1833 as the daughter of Prince Frederick Augustus of Anhalt-Dessau and Princess Marie Luise Charlotte of Hesse-Kassel. Adelheid was the eldest of three daughters. Her parents were dismissed by Queen Victoria as “very foolish and frivolous people”, but they also happened to be well-connected. Adelheid’s [read more]

amalia saxe weimar eisenach
Amalia of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach

Amalia of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach – The mother of Luxembourg

Princess Amalia of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach was born on 20 March 1830 as the daughter of Prince Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (the youngest son of Karl August, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach) and Princess Ida of Saxe-Meiningen (a sister of Queen Adelaide). Amalia was born in Ghent where her father was stationed, which was part of the Kingdom of [read more]