Empress Dowager Dou – The duplicitous Empress

(Not to be confused with Empress Dowager Dou Yifang) Empress Dowager Dou has been known in history as one of China’s most villainous empresses. Chroniclers emphasized how all of her evil actions were pardoned by her merciful adopted son.[1] Historian Keith McMahon even labelled her as “The Conniving Empress.”[2] She killed off her rivals and promoted [read more]