catherine coup russia
Catherine the Great

Catherine the Great – The coup that made her Empress in her own right (Part three)

Read part two here. As Empress Elizabeth’s health deteriorated, Catherine found herself pregnant with Gregory Orlov’s child, and she began to seclude herself. Peter was already talking of repudiating her and Catherine did not want to fuel the fire by appearing in public while pregnant. On 3 January 1762, Empress Elizabeth suffered a massive stroke, [read more]

Book Reviews

Book News August 2020

Queen, Mother, and Stateswoman: Mariana of Austria and the Government of Spain Paperback – 18 August 2020 (US) & 15 May 2020 (UK) When Philip IV of Spain died in 1665, his heir, Carlos II, was three years old. In addition to this looming dynastic crisis, decades of enormous military commitments had left Spain a [read more]